Government borrowing in February 2023 was £16.7 billion, up £9.7 billion on last year, largely thanks to spending on energy schemes. Year-to-date borrowing of £132.2 billion is up £15.5 billion (13.2 per cent) on last year. But it is only up £6.9 billion (5.9 per cent) on a like-for-like basis (correcting for student loans figures not yet recorded in outturn). While this is smaller than the full-year rise in our March forecast, energy schemes will lift borrowing in March too and data uncertainties remain considerable.